All Hot Rolled Carbon Products
Hot Rolled Mild Steel is used for general purpose applications. This steel is a low carbon grade, having good over-all mechanical properties. It is easy to fabricate by the usual structural methods, such as mild cold and hot forming and welding.
All Hot-Rolled Carbon Steel Stock Product
Hot roll steel metal is used in a variety of industries and applications. Carbon steel stock is produced in several grades and qualities, each suitable for different use cases.
Here's a guide to help you choose the best hot-rolled carbon steel products for your next project:
What is Hot-Rolled Carbon Steel?
Hot-rolled carbon steel is a type of metal that is produced using a hot-rolling process. Hot-rolling is a mill process that involves rolling the steel at a high temperature (typically over 1700° F), which is above the steel’s recrystallization temperature. This makes the steel easier to shape and form into desired shapes. The finished product, typically in the form of bars or plates, has a rough surface finish with scale-like layers of oxide.
Steel products such as billet, blooms, and slabs are passed through high-temperature rollers to achieve specific physical properties such as enhanced hardness and strength. These products are used in various industries such as construction, automotive, and shipbuilding.
What are Hot-Rolled Carbon Steel Products Used For?
Hot-rolled carbon steel products are used in applications that don't require an attractive finish or precise shapes, including:
- Automotive parts: Hot-rolled carbon steel is often used to make automotive parts, such as body panels and engine components.
- Construction: Carbon steel is often used for the construction industry's beams, columns, and other load-bearing members. They are also used in the construction of railroad tracks.
- Machinery: Hot-rolled carbon steel is frequently used to make machinery parts, such as bearings and gears.
- Pipe and tubing: Carbon steel is often used to make pipes and tubes for transporting liquids and gases.
How is Hot-Rolled Carbon Steel Made?
Hot-rolled carbon steel is produced from basic oxygen and blast furnace processes.
- The first step in these processes is to remove impurities from the iron, such as silicon, phosphorus, and sulfur.
- Next, the iron is cleaned and heated until it reaches what’s known as “austenitic grain size.” In the austenitic grain size process, the iron is heated to a temperature above the steel’s recrystallization temperature, making the metal easier to shape and form.
- The hot-rolled carbon steel is then cooled and reheated to achieve specific physical properties.
FastMetals Hot-Rolled Steel Products
How to Choose the Right Hot-Rolled Carbon Steel Products
When choosing hot-rolled carbon steel products, there are a few things to consider:
- The grade of the steel: The higher the carbon content, the harder and stronger the steel. However, high-carbon steel is more difficult to weld and can be brittle.
- The application: The intended use of the hot-rolled carbon steel will determine the appropriate grade. For example, if you are looking for steel to use in construction, you will need a different grade than if you were looking for steel to use in machinery parts.
- The size and shape: The size and shape of the hot-rolled carbon steel will be determined by the intended use. For example, if you need steel for construction beams, you will need a squared-off shape. However, if you need steel for construction columns, you may need a Schedule 40 Cylindrical Pipe.
- Sourcing: FastMetals offers only US domestically produced metal stock in all of our offerings. Competitive pricing with foreign sourced materials is a hallmark of our business.
Can You Buy Hot-Rolled Carbon Steel Online?
Yes. FastMetals has carbon steel for sale online in several shapes and sizes. If you aren't sure what you need just yet, you can contact one of our professionals.